LARGE EDDY SIMULATIONS TO PREDICT INTERNAL TURBINE BLADE COOLING FLOWS
Aeronautical engine designers are constantly subject to increasing power demands from aircraft manufacturers. To satisfy this requirement, combustor outlet temperature can be increased to improve efficiency and output energy of the engine. This rise in temperature however can surpass the material melting point and to avoid engine failure, turbine blades rely on internal cooling systems. Turbine blade cooling often uses internal channels, taking cold air from the compressor flow. Design of these systems therefore resumes to maximizing heat transfer enhancement while minimizing airflow rate to avoid engine power penalties. However, such flows are still largely uncontrolled and miss-understood. In an attempt to better understand such spatially developing rotating flows, the present study deals with a computational investigation on a straight, rotating rib roughened cooling channel. The configuration consists in a squared channel equipped with 8 ribs turbulators placed with an angle of 90 degrees with respect to the flow direction. For the studied cases, time resolved two-dimensional Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements have been performed at the Van Karman Institute (VKI). Adiabatic as well as isothermal conditions have been investigated to evaluate the impact of the wall temperature on the flow, especially in the rotating configurations. Static as well as both positive and negative rotating channels are compared with, in each case, either an adiabatic or an isothermal flow prediction. In this work, Large Eddy Simulation (LES) results show that the high fidelity CFD model is able to reproduce the differences induced by buoyancy on the flow topology in the near rib region and resulting from an adiabatic or an isothermal flow in rotation. The model manages also to predict the turbulence increase (decrease) around the rib in destabilizing (stabilizing) rotation of the ribbed channels. Finally and thanks to the full spatial and temporal description produced by LES, the spatial development and the unsteadiness of secondary flows are analyzed to better understand their origin and potential differences in all a cases. This study shows that the wall heat flux topology is driven by the secondary flows structure and the wall heat flux intensity is driven by the level of flow fluctuations in the ribbed region.
LES – Turbomachinery – Ribbed channel – Cooling
MEMBERS OF THE JURY :
Prof. Tom VERSTRAETE University of Gand, Belgium REFEREE
Mr. Matthieu FENOT P'prime & ISAE, France REFEREE
Prof. Antonius ARTS University of Louvain, Belgium MEMBER
Prof. Françoise BATAILLE PROMES Laboratory, Perpignan,France MEMBER
Mr. Laurent GICQUEL CERFACS, TOULOUSE, France ADVISOR
Mr. Florent DUCHAINE CERFACS, TOULOUSE, France CO ADVISOR
Mr. Charlie KOUPPER Safran Helicopter Engines, Pau, France INVITED
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