1 Configurations of components supported

Since OASIS3-MCT_3.0 release, coupling exchanges between components and sub-components deployed in a much larger diversity of configurations than before are supported. This is illustrated on figure 2.1 and how to use the OASIS3-MCT library accordingly is detailed on figure 2.2. All OASIS3-MCT API routines are also described in details in sections 2.2, 2.3 and 2.4.

We call here an “executable” a compiled code forming a part of or the whole coupled system. A “component” is the ensemble of processes, or tasks, within the coupled system calling oasis_init_comp with the same comp_name argument (see section 2.2.2). A “sub-component” is the subset of tasks within a component sending or receiving coupling fields on a specific grid; of course, a component may have only one sub-component that gathers all its tasks.

In examples/tutoria_communication and examples/regrid_environment one finds practical examples of how to use the OASIS3-MCT library (see sections 6.3.1 and 6.3.3).

With OASIS3-MCT, it is currently possible to (the text between [ and ] refers to figure 2.1) :

Figure 2.1: The different configuration of components supported by OASIS3-MCT. Two executables exe1 and exe2 are running concurrently on separate sets of MPI tasks (0-5 for exe1 and 6-37 for exe2). Executable exe1 includes only one component comp1 that has coupling fields defined on only one grid grid1 (decomposed on all of its 6 tasks). Executable exe2 includes 3 components, comp2, comp3, and comp4 running concurrently respectively on tasks 6-11, 12-33 and 34-37. Component comp2 participates in the coupling with fields defined on only one coupling grid grid2 (decomposed on all of its 5 tasks) while comp4 does not participate at all in the coupling. Component comp3 has 3 sub-components, respectively exchanging coupling fields defined on grid3 (tasks 12-21), grid4 (tasks 22-30) and grid5 (tasks 12-26, therefore overlaping with both grid3 and grid4); finally, comp3 has 3 tasks (31-33) not involved in the coupling. Sub-componentsexe2-comp3-grid3 and exe2-comp3-grid5, or sub-components exe2-comp3-grid4 and exe2-comp3-grid5 are examples of coupling between sub-components running sequentially on overlapping sets of tasks.

Figure 2.2: The sequence of OASIS3-MCT calls that have to be implemented in the codes so to allow the configuration of components described on figure 2.1. Each MPI tasks has to call oasis_init_comp once with the name of its component as $2^{nd}$ argument. As none of comp4 tasks is participating to the coupling, comp4 tasks calls oasis_init_comp with coupled=.false.” as $4^{th}$ argument and does not call any other OASIS3-MCT routine. As some of comp3 tasks are participating in the coupling, all comp3 tasks have to call oasis_init_comp, oasis_get_localcomm, oasis_create_couplcomm, oasis_enddef and oasis_terminate (these are the only routine to be called by comp3 tasks 31-33 not participating to the coupling). To initialise the coupling exchanges, the tasks of a sub-component holding a field decomposed on a specific grid have to call the oasis_def_partition to express the decomposition of the grid, oasis_def_var to declare the coupling field and oasis_enddef. Finally, the tasks of a sub-component exchanging coupling fields have to call oasis_put and oasis_get accordingly.

The sequence of OASS3-MCT API routines that have to be called in the different cases is detailed on figure 2.2. These routines are also described in detail in the next section.