Cerfacs Enter the world of high performance ...

The 24 March 2016 at 13h30

PhD Defense: Sophie LE BRAS – Wall modeling and non-conforming grid interfaces for computational aeroacoustics with a high-order numerical approach



This thesis is devoted to the development of numerical methods to predict jet noise using Large-Eddy Simulation (LES). The LES approach used in this work relies on high-order low-dissipation and low-dispersion implicit finite-volume schemes for spatial discretization. It allows the direct calculation of acoustic sources in turbulent flows and the propagation of sound waves with accuracy. Two numerical methods are developed in order to facilitate the LES computations. The first method focuses on using wall modeling in the near-wall regions instead of resolving the boundary layers. An analytical wall model is combined with the high-order schemes for spatial discretization. A specific spatial discretization, based on a ghost cell reconstruction, is proposed near the walls. Its performance is assessed by performing the LES of a turbulent channel flow at a Mach number of 0.2 and a friction Reynolds number of 2,000, and the LES of an isothermal subsonic round jet at a Mach number of 0.6 and a Reynolds number based on the jet diameter of 570,000. The aerodynamic and the acoustic properties of the flows are in agreement with the direct numerical simulation data and the experimental results of the litterature. The second method deals with the development of a treatment at the non-conforming grid interfaces. Non-conforming grids involve discontinuous block interfaces, allowing the use of simplified meshes for the computations. The proposed treatment ensures the compatibility between the spatial discretization schemes and non-conforming meshes. Particular attention is paid to meet the accuracy requirements imposed in computational aeroacoustics. This treatment relies on meshless interpolations. Its validity is evaluated by simulating a vortex convection and a mixing layer development in two dimensions. The results show that the treatment does not produce significant spurious numerical waves nor disturb the flow development near the grid interfaces.


Xavier GLOERFELT              ENSAM                                               Referee

Eric SERRE                            UNIVERSITÉ AIX-MARSEILLE        Referee

Hugues DENIAU                   ONERA                                               Member

Fabien WLASSOW                AIRBUS                                              Member

Guillaume DAVILLER           CERFACS                                            Member

Sébastien DECK                   ONERA                                               Member

Eric LAMBALLAIS                 ENSMA Poitiers                                 Member

Christophe BOGEY               ECOLE CENTRALE DE LYON          Advisor


Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences

CERFACS |  8 November 2021

Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences on October 12. See presentation here :Read more

The AVBP code from CERFACS at the heart of for PRACE projects from the 23rd call

CERFACS |  30 September 2021

Cerfacs is involved in three PRACE projects of the 23rd call for which hour allocation runs from 01/10/2021 to 30/09/2022. Researchers from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) and IMFT (UMR 5502) laboratories have earned projects entirely based on the use of the LES solver developed by Cerfacs AVBP and involve the support of experts from the CFD and COOP teams underling the importance and effectiveness of collaborations between French labs and Cerfacs. Alexis Giauque from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) has obtained not only one but two PRACE projects! The first project LESFAN (RA0101, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) is based on the use of AVBP in the turbomachinery version to study the generation of noise by a fan of a real airplane engine. The second, PRACE-EDGES (RA0101, 40 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) focuses on LES modeling of dens gas in complex geometries. To do so, the LMFA Team has developed advanced thermodynamic closures in AVBP allowing the direct simulation of such flows. Laurent Selle from IMFT (UMR 5502) has received CPU hours for the GASTON project (RA0061, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Marenostrum BSC) which aims to study the structure of hydrogen flames in porous materials. For this, IMFT and Cerfacs will perform coupled simulations considering the reactive flow with AVBP as well as the conduction in the porous medium with AVTP which is known to play an central role in the flame stabilization process. Carlos Perez Arroyo from IMFT (UMR 5502) received 16 Mh CPU hours on Joliot-Curie Skylake partition to support his project WONDER.Read more