Cerfacs Enter the world of high performance ...

The 20 January 2020 at 14h00

Ph.D. Defense Maël HARNIEH

Brigitte Yzel |  Salle de Séminaire, CERFACS, Toulouse |  

Prediction of the loss generation in anisothermal compressible flows applied to Nozzle Guide Vane with the Large Eddy Simulations



Monday January 20th – 2 p.m.


To improve the efficiency of aeronautic engines, the turbine entry temperature has strongly increased in recent years. Such high temperatures induces high thermal stresses for the turbine blades and vanes which reduces the blade lifetime. To overcome this thermal issue, efficient turbine cooling systems need to be designed. To do so, the accurate prediction of blade wall temperature and losses generated by these systems is required. Taking the opportunity of recent developments of high-fidelity predictions, this PhD thesis funded through the FUI project CASCADE with the support of Safran Helicopter Engines (SHE), aims to evaluate the prediction of blade wall temperature and losses for cooled high-pressure vanes with Large Eddy Simulations (LES). To do so, academic and complex anisothermal configurations featuring film cooling are investigated. Results obtained in the present work show that LES is able to predict the flow aerodynamics and blade wall temperature for all configurations studied. The prediction is clearly improved if the mesh is sufficiently refined in high dynamic regions and if turbulent fluctuations are taken into account at the inlet of the computational domain especially for cases presenting separation bubbles. To ease the use of LES in an industrial context and reduce the CPU effort associated to the resolution of the flow in the cooling system of turbine blades and vanes, a new coolant ejection model is introduced and evaluated. This model is shown to well reproduce the coolant jets aerodynamics and provides a good prediction of the wall temperature without meshing the cooling system. To accurately evaluate and investigate the losses in this context of turbine blade cooling, the approach Second Law Analysis (SLA) is adopted. Contrary to total temperature and total pressure balances, SLA directly gives access to 3D loss maps which are constructed from the entropy source terms resolved on mesh. As a result, the loss generation mechanism can be locally investigated and does not require any averaging procedures contrary to 1D loss models. These loss maps are split in an aerodynamic contribution and a mixing contribution which is linked to mixing process between hot and cold flows. The study of these loss maps shows that aerodynamics losses are generated in high sheared regions (boundary and mixing layers) while mixing losses are produced in the film cooling and in the wake of the vanes. Advanced analysis of loss maps indicate that turbulent fluctuations dominate the loss generation mechanism. This last finding evidences the benefits of SLA to predict losses from LES fields. Indeed and contrary to RANS, the turbulent contributions to losses are directly resolved on mesh with LES and does not require any modelling strategies. As a consequence of this PhD work, SLA coupled to LES is shown to be a very promising methodology to predict the flow aerodynamics and losses for the design of future geometries of industrial turbine vanes and blades.


Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences

CERFACS |  8 November 2021

Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences on October 12. See presentation here :Read more

The AVBP code from CERFACS at the heart of for PRACE projects from the 23rd call

CERFACS |  30 September 2021

Cerfacs is involved in three PRACE projects of the 23rd call for which hour allocation runs from 01/10/2021 to 30/09/2022. Researchers from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) and IMFT (UMR 5502) laboratories have earned projects entirely based on the use of the LES solver developed by Cerfacs AVBP and involve the support of experts from the CFD and COOP teams underling the importance and effectiveness of collaborations between French labs and Cerfacs. Alexis Giauque from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) has obtained not only one but two PRACE projects! The first project LESFAN (RA0101, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) is based on the use of AVBP in the turbomachinery version to study the generation of noise by a fan of a real airplane engine. The second, PRACE-EDGES (RA0101, 40 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) focuses on LES modeling of dens gas in complex geometries. To do so, the LMFA Team has developed advanced thermodynamic closures in AVBP allowing the direct simulation of such flows. Laurent Selle from IMFT (UMR 5502) has received CPU hours for the GASTON project (RA0061, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Marenostrum BSC) which aims to study the structure of hydrogen flames in porous materials. For this, IMFT and Cerfacs will perform coupled simulations considering the reactive flow with AVBP as well as the conduction in the porous medium with AVTP which is known to play an central role in the flame stabilization process. Carlos Perez Arroyo from IMFT (UMR 5502) received 16 Mh CPU hours on Joliot-Curie Skylake partition to support his project WONDER.Read more