Cerfacs Enter the world of high performance ...

The 4 March 2015

PhD Defense: Antony MISDARIIS – Reduced kinetic schemes and thermal coupling for Large Eddy Simulations of knocking in piston engines

Marie LABADENS |  CERFACS, Conference room Jean-Claude André |  


In order to improve the efficiency of gasoline engines, one efficient solution resides in engine downsizing which consists in the diminution of the engine size with the adjunction of a compressor to keep the power output. When the downsizing level is important, the high pressure and temperature levels promote autoignition phenomena such as knocking or rumble that can damage the engine. This kind of combustion, still misunderstood, is a limit to further use downsizing. In this thesis, Large Eddy Simulation is used to study this kind of abnormal combustions. The objective is to propose a numerical methodology able to reproduce its apparition and to understand its mechanisms. Auto-ignition is a combustion regime very sensitive to the variations of local thermodynamic conditions. Precise numerical methods and appropriate models, especially for thermal boundary conditions must be used. The first part of this manuscript presents the proposed numerical methodology and in particular two aspects implemented during this thesis: an auto-ignition model that permits to reproduce auto ignition delays with reduced kinetic schemes and a coupling methodology between combustion chamber and cylinder head in order to obtain realistic temperature fields for the boundary conditions. The second part of this manuscript presents the results of two numerical studies that reproduce some operating points from an experimental engine database. The first study is performed using combustion models from the literature and aims at reproducing experimental behavior for various parametric variations impacting the combustion. The second study is performed thanks to the numerical models implanted in this thesis in order to evaluate the impact of the thermal boundary conditions on the mechanisms leading to abnormal combustions.


Olivier COLIN              IFP Energies Nouvelles, Rueil-Malmaison              Referee
Fabrice FOUCHER      Laboratoire PRISME, Orléans                                Referee
Jacques BORÉE          Institut Pprime, Poitiers                                          Member
Philippe GUIBERT       Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Jussieu                Member
Frédéric RAVET           RENAULT, Boulogne-Billancourt                             Invited member
Thierry POINSOT        IMFT, Toulouse                                                        Advisor
Olivier VERMOREL     CERFACS, Toulouse                                               Co-advisor


Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences

CERFACS |  8 November 2021

Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences on October 12. See presentation here :Read more

The AVBP code from CERFACS at the heart of for PRACE projects from the 23rd call

CERFACS |  30 September 2021

Cerfacs is involved in three PRACE projects of the 23rd call for which hour allocation runs from 01/10/2021 to 30/09/2022. Researchers from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) and IMFT (UMR 5502) laboratories have earned projects entirely based on the use of the LES solver developed by Cerfacs AVBP and involve the support of experts from the CFD and COOP teams underling the importance and effectiveness of collaborations between French labs and Cerfacs. Alexis Giauque from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) has obtained not only one but two PRACE projects! The first project LESFAN (RA0101, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) is based on the use of AVBP in the turbomachinery version to study the generation of noise by a fan of a real airplane engine. The second, PRACE-EDGES (RA0101, 40 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) focuses on LES modeling of dens gas in complex geometries. To do so, the LMFA Team has developed advanced thermodynamic closures in AVBP allowing the direct simulation of such flows. Laurent Selle from IMFT (UMR 5502) has received CPU hours for the GASTON project (RA0061, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Marenostrum BSC) which aims to study the structure of hydrogen flames in porous materials. For this, IMFT and Cerfacs will perform coupled simulations considering the reactive flow with AVBP as well as the conduction in the porous medium with AVTP which is known to play an central role in the flame stabilization process. Carlos Perez Arroyo from IMFT (UMR 5502) received 16 Mh CPU hours on Joliot-Curie Skylake partition to support his project WONDER.Read more