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The 21 December 2017 at 14h00

PhD Defense – Pierre AILLAUD: Large Eddy Simulation for high-pressure turbine vane cooling systems



This PhD thesis, funded by Safran Helicopter Engines, focuses on the application of the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) formalism to cooling systems present in high pressure turbine. The complex industrial problem is simplified into academic test cases for which experimental data are available for the validation process. The manuscript is divided into 3 parts dealing respectively with the impinging jet system on flat and concave plates and with the film cooling at the trailing edge equipped with a cutback on the pressure side. The 1st part deals with a jet impinging on a flat plate representing the impingement at mid-chord. This part focuses on the validation and qualification of the tools and models as well as on the physical analysis of the flow. The unsteadiness present in such an impinging jet flow are linked to the thermal behavior of the wall through the use of statistical analysis and modal decomposition of the flow field. The 2nd part is dedicated to the study of a jet impinging on a concave surface. This study aims at characterizing the effect of curvature for an impinging jet flow. The results found in this study disagreed with the current consensus attributing heat transfer enhancement on concave surface to Görtler instability. Hence, a discussion is proposed in an attempt to explain this discrepancy. Finally, the 3rd part reports an LES of the film cooling at the trailing edge. Group effects, due to the presence of internal ribs, are highlighted for the configuration studied here. These simulations use a spatial periodicity assumption to reduce the size of the computational domain. It is shown that this specific assumption is not suited as it forces the flow and modifies the group effect. The local results, in terms of adiabatic effectiveness, are found to be sensitive to such a forcing. However, the global behavior of the effectiveness is not impacted by this periodic boundary condition.


Laurent GICQUEL                CERFACS, Toulouse          Advisor
Eric LAMBALLAIS                Université de Poitiers          Referee
Matthieu FéNOT                   ISAE-ENSMA, Poitiers       Referee
Eva DORIGNAC                   Université de Poitiers         Member
Laurent JOLY                        ISAE Toulouse                   Member
Florent DUCHAINE               CERFACS, Toulouse         Co advisor


Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences

CERFACS |  8 November 2021

Thierry Poinsot officially entered the French Academy of Sciences on October 12. See presentation here :Read more

The AVBP code from CERFACS at the heart of for PRACE projects from the 23rd call

CERFACS |  30 September 2021

Cerfacs is involved in three PRACE projects of the 23rd call for which hour allocation runs from 01/10/2021 to 30/09/2022. Researchers from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) and IMFT (UMR 5502) laboratories have earned projects entirely based on the use of the LES solver developed by Cerfacs AVBP and involve the support of experts from the CFD and COOP teams underling the importance and effectiveness of collaborations between French labs and Cerfacs. Alexis Giauque from ECL/LMFA UMR5509 (Ecole Centrale de Lyon) has obtained not only one but two PRACE projects! The first project LESFAN (RA0101, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) is based on the use of AVBP in the turbomachinery version to study the generation of noise by a fan of a real airplane engine. The second, PRACE-EDGES (RA0101, 40 000 000 CPU hours on Irene/Rome TGCC) focuses on LES modeling of dens gas in complex geometries. To do so, the LMFA Team has developed advanced thermodynamic closures in AVBP allowing the direct simulation of such flows. Laurent Selle from IMFT (UMR 5502) has received CPU hours for the GASTON project (RA0061, 30 000 000 CPU hours on Marenostrum BSC) which aims to study the structure of hydrogen flames in porous materials. For this, IMFT and Cerfacs will perform coupled simulations considering the reactive flow with AVBP as well as the conduction in the porous medium with AVTP which is known to play an central role in the flame stabilization process. Carlos Perez Arroyo from IMFT (UMR 5502) received 16 Mh CPU hours on Joliot-Curie Skylake partition to support his project WONDER.Read more