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Climate

Definition of the domain

Climate modeling is to replicate more or less simplified the coupled behavior of the atmosphere, oceans and land surfaces at various spatial scales (from region to globe scales) or time (from season to century scales or more) . A useful tool for understanding the complexity of climatic phenomena is to numerically simulate the evolution coupled various components of the Earth system, after translating the physical principles governing the form of mathematical equations. CERFACS brings many strengths to meet this challenge by continuously improving the quality of these couplings, on more and more powerful computers , and analyzing in depth the results of many simulations it performs.

Challenges, issues and context

The intrinsic climate variability, from monthly to decadal scales, overlaps the global warming resulting from human activities. Detection of climate change and their allocation to various causes is a scientific problem that requires combining Earth observation, modeling of coupled and complex physical phenomena and scientific computing.

Cerfacs actively contributes to the IPCC exercises (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) which regularly publishes a detailed report on the present climate and its projection throughout the century. Advances in climate modeling, in particular through the intensification of Earth observation and increasing computer power, reduce uncertainties in climate projections.

OCCIPUT Project : Sea Surface Temperature

OCCIPUT Project : Sea Surface Temperature

Research axes at CERFACS

Research areas conducted in CERFACS through climate modeling are:

  • Climate variability on seasonal to decadal scales
  • Predictability and decadal forecasts
  • Anthropogenic disturbance and impacts

Tools developed or used

Partners

Climate Partners

Climate Partners

 

NEWS

Swings oceanographic campaign

nasri |  11 January 2021

Christophe Cassou, a researcher at the Cerfacs/CNRS joint laboratory (CECI: Climate, Environment, Couplings and Uncertainties) will take part in the Swings oceanographic campaign, involving 48 scientists and led by two CNRS researchers. It will take place in the Southern Ocean on board the Marion Dufresne II of the French Oceanographic Fleet (FOF), operated by Ifremer, from 11 January to 8 March. 2 months sea explore southen oceansRead more


Best wishes 2021 !

Brigitte Yzel |  5 January 2021

Cerfacs wishes you all the best for this new year 2021!Read more

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